React vs Angular: Which is The Best JavaScript Framework
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React vs Angular: Which is The Best JavaScript Framework

Shrikant Srivastava
By Shrikant Srivastava| Friday, July 13, 2018 16:47 PM |9 min read
React vs Angular

Out of all the front-end development JS framework/library in the market, the two that have found a place in the list of Top 15 JS Frameworks for 2019 are React and Angular. And this article is concentrated on them both.

In the next nine minutes, you will be reading about what separates Angular and React from each other, the situations where a react native app development company get brownie points and where brands focus their energy on Angular app development.

The reason why we are concentrating this article on the comparison of Angular js and React is partially because, they come from a lineage of two solid competitors – Google and Facebook and partially because we had already covered React vs Flutter – the newest addition in the cross platform family, so it was time to compare React with a brand that has established itself in the industry at the back of its unmatched performance.

Before we move even a step ahead, let us glance through the synopsis of React Library and Angular Framework-

Summary of React –

Reactjs Summary

AND

Summary of Angular –

Angularjs Summary

To start with, Here’s a table of comparison showcasing the difference between the two most popular and widely adopted JavaScript Frameworks/ Libraries – Angularjs vs Reactjs –

React Native vs Angular Comparison

While the table highlights where both Angular and React lie on every individual factor, it doesn’t explain which one to choose between Angularjs and Reactjs, requirement wise.

Let us answer that into some detail.

Packaging

It is the capability to run and then deploy a code the way you want it. For achieving faster load time, we developers aim at loading the minimum at first and then continue on the basis of the demand. It also gives us the capability to develop features without having to degrade the loading time.

Angularjs offers restricted ability to do this and when you still go ahead with the process, it ends up looking like an assembly code.

In other words, Angular is too rigid. While React, on the other hand, allows the developers to make use of the requirejs for lazy loading the pieces of code. The library also enables working with solutions such as webpack.

Our Verdict – React

Learning Curve

Angularjs is not easy to master. I am sure you will be getting my point if you are a developer.

Angular comes with a very complex lifecycle and for you to master it you will have to read code, deal with the un-intuitive link and compile.

React, on the other side, comes with a low learning curve even though it takes time for developers to get use to one-way flow. Also, the library has very few lifecycle methods and the fact that you hardly ever have to read the code is what takes it home for React.

Our Verdict – React

Model Complexity

It means how you structure your data model which is then represented by view. The performance of Angular is considered very sensitive when it deal with scope cause of the copy-n-compare option, which means that it restricts you from using large models – an outcome that comes with the advantage of making the code simple and testable. React, on the other hand, give you the option to choose without putting any performance penalty.

Our Verdict – It’s a Tie. Both Angularjs and Reactjs are equally well.

Reuse of Code

Angular comes with a series of ready to use elements, even though it is not very trivial to make use of the Angular Framework coming in from more than one specific provider because of the priority collisions and the namespaces.

React on the other hand, lets you manage the code as you like. But the fact that Angular comes with more ready to employ elements, give bounty points to the library as compared to the React library.

Our Verdict – Angularjs

{Read Also: Mobile Application Development Guide: Everything Worth Knowing}

Templating

Templates a.k.a The building blocks of the app logic have a lot of custom flows and information and are developed with the help of ready made building blocks, however, they are never really re-usable. Templating in React are not as clear as that of Angular.

The React Native Templating looks like this –

React Native Templating

While the Angular Templating looks like this –

Angular Templating

Our Verdict – Clearly Angular

An article of comparison between Angular and React will remain incomplete without looking into the advantage and disadvantage that thy both come packed with.

Advantages and Disadvantages of React and Angular App Development

Advantage of Angularjs

If we look at the community and developer support as the advantage measuring factor, there is no other JavaScript framework that come with a community support like Angularjs – a factor that has brought in a rise in demand for the framework.

Advantage of Angularjs

The framework runs on all the browser environment irrespective of the platforms. Along with that, Angularjs includes the off-the-rack tools and it has established itself as a reliable framework with robust ng components which are evolved in juxtapose.

The Bi-Directional Data Binding is the feature that sets Angular aparts from React, solely because it disperse influence after every set of the data changes.

Disadvantage of Angularjs

The absence of a clear manual and all inclusive extensive documentation, along with the steep learning curve are the main limitations of the Angularjs framework.

Advantage of Reactjs

React comes with JSX, which allows the use of HTML codes and practicing of HTML tag syntax for subcomponents rendering. It also promotes the development of the machine readable programs and offer the ability to compound the components in the single compile-time file.

The factor that React comes with make it an ideal setup for mobile app development has led to a number of developers downloading React Native for Mobile App Development.

Prompt Rendering feature of React gives it an edge over the Angular framework. It involves different approaches to lower the amount of DOM operation, betters and hastens the update process.

Virtual DOM is also of use as developers manage the large database.

The number of differentiator between React and Angular is that Angular is a subset of HTML, while React is a purely JavaScript based library. Now, JS is considered a more advanced language when compared to Angular, making React the choice when you are looking for a simple, dependable, and intensive programming.

Disadvantage of Reactjs

Integrating Reactjs in the traditional MVC framework like Rail requires configuration, an event that slows the development time.

The combination of advantage and disadvantage that both the frameworks come with, make them suitable for use in some use case scenario and unsuitable for others.

Let’s take a look at what those use cases are where React js app development make sense and where Angular app development would be a better fit –

When to Use which JavaScript Framework/Library

When to use Angularjs

Use Angular when you need your app to be compatible with browsers that are older than the IE8. Also, with Angular 5.0 in the market, the framework has been witnessing a lot more attention from the developers, especially with the performance boost and the feature of server-side rendering support.

If the complexity level of your app lies in the range of low to medium, Angularjs would be the right choice.

[Read: Know what Angular 5.0 Mean for Mobile App Development Business]

When to use React

React is the right choice when there are a number of dynamic content in your app inside the view. This is the reason why brands like Facebook and Instagram use React to base their mobile apps on.

With this, you now know the situations where adopting React makes sense and places where Angular is a better fit.

Here are the brands that, keeping the different situations in mind, have adopted the framework/library –

Brand Evangelists of React and Angular.js

Brand Evangelists of React and Angular.js

Now that you know which brands are using which JavaScript, I am sure you must have taken a decision on which framework/library you will be going with for your next mobile app project.

Whatever decision you take in terms of the framework/library choice on the first look of it, there are certain factors that you should consider while taking the decision.

Things to Consider Before You Make the Decision

Here are the different factors that you will have to consider while making the React vs Angular decision.

Things to Consider Before You Make the Decision between React and Angular

License

Libraries and Frameworks are distributed with different licenses. While some licenses are fairly flexible and allows adjustment in accordance to the requirements, a kind known as Open-Source Products. There are others that don’t allow creation of commercial apps or the flexibility of editing the content.

Now, both React and Angularjs are open source, meaning you cannot use the name of right holder for the purpose of advertising.

MVC Pattern

The ease of dividing the app data in easily modifiable and readable elements helps with reducing the line of codes and in increasing the quality of the end product. Angular is developed on the MVC architecture while React only has the View component of MVC, which increases the line of codes.

Templating

When you develop a JS product, you would want to take advantage of the templates that are used to create UIs. Angularjs use template in TypeScript file while React make use of templating in the JSX file.

Data Binding

The feature help establish connection between business logic of app and the UI. While Angular uses two-way data binding allowing the framework to connect Model Data to DOM through the controller, affecting the app performance; React only implement one-way binding of data. When the data is only directed one way, the debugging of app becomes a lot easier, especially for large applications.

Rendering

There are two ways to render data – server side and client side. Client side rendering affects the page loading time inversely, so it’s preferred that you use framework that has server side rendering – something that both React and Angular uses.

Performance

Angular comes with two-way data binding that influences performances when you talk about the development of complex apps, while when you use React, you don’t face this issue. In addition to that, Reactjs app developers have added in a virtual DOM feature which allows the creation of light DOM tree and saving that on the server, which leads to lowering the load on the browser.

Now that we have covered the different aspects of the framework/library’s present, we have now arrived at a point where we look at the future of the Angular and React JavaScript Library. Let us look at what the future holds for each.

What does the Future of both React and Angularjs holds

The short version is that none of them will go out of picture by next year or even 2025. React will continue to see a rise in popularity, making it a default starting point for developers. While Angular on the other hand, has already been witnessing a growth in the usage rate.

So while both the framework/library are on a growth tangent, there is one framework that is preparing to take their place in the mobile app development world – Vue.js. And this is the long version of our take on which framework/library will stand the test of time.

Both React and Angular will but they will a stiff competition coming in from Vue.js.

React vs Angular - Which is The Best JavaScript Framework

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Shrikant Srivastava
About The Author

Srikant Srivastav, in his role as VP Technology at Appinventiv, has been simplifying the technical complexities that comes in a package when developing never seen before mobile apps. A problem solver by the day and analytical reader by night, he prouds himself by being on top of everything new and to come. You can connect with him on Twitter or LinkedIn, to have a one-one-one on the technical aspect of elements that makes your device better.

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