As web and mobile solutions are becoming an indispensable part of every business, the core programming world is also growing at a faster rate than ever before.
While on one hand, various new programming languages and technologies are getting into the limelight for making the app development processes more efficient. On the other hand, many existing web and app development technologies are disappearing from the graph.
In a scenario like this, keeping yourself updated with what’s the most popular programming languages globally is necessary for both the developers and businesses to build profitable solutions.
The other thing to keep in mind is the choice of selecting the best programming language for iOS App Development or Android Development.
Taking the same thought forward, here we have created a list of top 18 programming languages redefining the future of coding. In this list, every new system-level programming language is included to keep you up-to-date with the emerging trends.
When talking about the top programming languages of the future, Java tops the list. The language was once the primary language for Android development but with the advent of Kotlin, many apps have switched from Java to Kotlin for futuristic services. However, this has not made a major difference in its market popularity.
It is still considered the most popular programming language as it is adopted by leading enterprise mobile application development companies and also introduced to the software development plan both as a backend and frontend programming language due to its impressive features, like:-
- Ease of use
- Enhanced performance
- Higher productivity
- Improved polyglot programming
C, also called the backbone of the software world, lands on the list of most popular programming languages to consider for the future.
It is one of the best programming languages that became the winner of ‘Programming Language Hall of Fame 2019’ for giving deeper insights into how the software actually functions on machines, and thus, is used for building embedded systems and VR-based apps.
Besides, this is one of the most popular programming languages that delivers high-end performance, reliability, and a variety of contexts: making it the first choice of reputed brands, including Oracle, Microsoft, Adobe, and Paypal.
Python, which received the recognition of ‘The Programming Language Hall of Fame’ by TIOBE in 2018, is still gaining momentum and falls under the list of top coding languages to consider in 2022 and beyond.
Python offers simplified syntax making it ultra-easy for users to learn and use. Although it’s not just for beginners as the language has also been a friend of professional programmers too. Python is among the most used programming languages worldwide and developers keep exploring new possibilities. The language is used to develop different applications, including scalable web solutions due to its characteristics
such as ease to use, easy-to-deploy, and expeditiousness which made it the right tech stack for YouTube, Survey Monkey, and Pinterest.
Besides being one of the best programming languages, it is also considered a prime choice for the sophisticated deep learning and ML app development processes.
C++ is a general-purpose, object-oriented, and hybrid app development language to watch out for in 2022 and beyond.
Often considered a superset of C, this programming language is stable and comes loaded with ample ready-to-use libraries. But, what makes the language capable of enjoying wider community support and becoming a part of the technology stack of popular brands is its extensive library support and speed.
C# is yet another multi-platform and most used coding language that is enjoying a huge momentum these days.
The language, being one of the technology stacks of top brands like Microsoft Intel and Hewlett Packard, is often considered by both app developers, software engineers, web developers, and automation test experts because of features like:-
- Strong typing
- String interpolation
- Auto property initializers
Besides, it is one of the most used programming languages also that provides developers with an exquisite collection of frameworks as shared in our JS framework guide, which increases its popularity in the market and makes it the right fit for Linux, Mac OS X, SunOS, and Android.
Despite the competition from different server-side environments like Node.js and Python, PHP remains the star of the sector. The credit for this popularity goes to the frameworks that make it one of the best and most useful programming languages for app development and the fact that 83% of websites on the Internet are based on this backend programming language.
Though various database technologies exist in the IT industry, SQL (Standard Query Language) is still one of the top programming languages in 2022 and is expected to lead in the future as well.
Founded by IBM Research center in 1974, SQL is simple and reliable in nature and offers exclusive database management services to business developers.
Swift has not only become the most used coding language for iOS development, superseding Objective-C but has also emerged as a trending programming language in 2022 with a steep rise in its popularity, as noted in the Google Trends graph below.
Introduced back in WWDC 2014, Swift, one of the top computer programming languages, is faster, easy to learn, secure, and has various other features that make it the best language for app development for iPhones, iPads, and macOS. Due to such features, it is considered a highly efficient and flexible language.
Also known as “Golang”, the Go programming language has also made its entrance into the list of top programming languages in 2022.
The language, with its concise and easy-to-embrace syntax and faster compilation characteristics, has become the favorite of SoundCloud, Google, Netflix, and other such popular brands. iIt has also proven to be one of the best options to get higher salaries.
Scala is another popular programming language that was primarily designed to resolve the issues developers face with another language like Java. Scala is a general-purpose programming language that supports both object-oriented and functional programming paradigms. It offers exceptional features such as lazy computation, string interpolation, type inference, great scalability, and many others. It’s widely used in the area of Web Development, Data Science, and Machine Learning. Several tech giants like Netflix, eBay, and Twitter are using it for their respective products and platforms.
From the day Kotlin was introduced as an official Android app development language, it has enjoyed a skyrocketing rise in its popularity. It has not only registered itself as the first preference for building Android mobility solutions but also got established as one of the most loved programming languages by mobile app developers, posing as a strong contender in the battle of Kotlin vs Java.
What’s more interesting is that the Kotlin language has extended itself beyond mobile, in the form of Kotlin Multiplatform, and is giving tough competition to Flutter in the cross-platform market. Detailed information about this is covered in our Kotlin vs Flutter comparison blog.
While these were the top 12 computer programming languages that are leading the development process for a long time now, there are various other trending programming languages that are gaining huge momentum in the mobile industry and are supposed to join the league. A few of which we will be covering in the next section.
Top 6 Emerging Programming Languages to Look for in the Future
MATLAB, the proprietary language of MathWorks, has also landed on the most popular coding languages list for the future.
It is one of the best coding languages to learn in 2022 that delivers a myriad of options to developers, such as:-
- Ease to plot functions and data and implement algorithms
- Ability to create high-end GUIs, data-focused, and scientific research apps
- Best language for app development
- Opportunity to work with codes written in C, C++, C#, Java, Python, Fortran, etc
- Facility to enjoy higher coding efficiency and productivity, etc
Introduced in 2010 by Mozilla and Graydon Hoare, Rust is one of the best coding languages that inspires developers to build efficient and reliable software. Rust is a decent alternative to C/C++ because it is fast yet safe and memory-efficient. It was also crowned the “most loved” technology in StackOverflow’s 2016 developer survey. It is used to develop operating systems, game engines, VR apps, and other systems where performance is critical. Unlike most programming languages out there, Rust has no intermediate layer like virtual machines.
R is also one of the most commonly used mobile app languages to introduce into your app development process.
Developed in 1993 by Robert Gentleman and Ross Ihaka, R is one of the best coding languages and is highly preferred for building healthcare, government, and enterprise mobility solutions because of its built-in machine learning algorithms and data analytics functionalities.
Dart, the language behind Google’s cross-platform development framework has also landed on the most popular coding languages list for 2022 and beyond.
Ruby is also one of the top coding languages to consider in 2022 and beyond due to its user-friendly and open-source nature. Ruby has a simple syntax and allows a developer to do more with less code. It is quite easy and fast to develop projects as there are a large number of open-source codes available within the community.
Bosque, one of the emerging programming languages, is a creation of Microsoft. The language looks to enhance developers’ productivity and software quality and provide an array of new compilers and developer tooling experiences.
Now that we’ve covered the latest programming languages used in the industry, it’s quite possible that you’re confused which one to pick for your app project.
Let us help you pick the right and most useful programming languages.
How to Choose the Right Programming Language for Apps in 2022?
Choosing the right programming language for app development depends on a number of factors like app purpose, language characteristics, and local ecosystem. Let’s understand these factors in detail.
1. App purpose
The main reason why you want to develop an app is helpful in picking the right language.
For example, if you want to create your presence on the web, PHP is the right programming language to go with as it’s an open-source server-side scripting language designed to make dynamic web pages and apps. It is secure, fast, reliable, and offers diverse advantages like accessibility to a large user base.
If you need a programming language for database management, SQL is helpful. But, if you want to add Artificial Intelligence features to your app, the Python programming language is a good option and beats them all.
2. Language characteristics
Are you developing a native mobile app or investing in cross-platform app development? Are you looking for an open-source or licensed option? What type of technologies and features are you planning to introduce to your app development process? What level of security do you want to add to your mobility solution? These questions will help you to understand the technical requirements of your business app solution, and thus, select the best programming language for app development.
For example, suppose you want to build an app based on the Machine Learning concept. If you are looking for a programming language with years of existence, Python is the right choice, for it is among the most useful programming languages. But, if you are ready to go with a newcomer based on the options it avails, TypeScript is apt for you.
3. Local ecosystem
Last but not least, the decision of which top coding languages to prefer also depends on the skill set of your in-house or hired developers.
If you choose a programming language out of this most used programming languages list, you’ll experience a smooth app development experience. Your app project will face lower challenges and reach the market at the earliest.
But, on the flip side, the app development timeline might increase, hidden costs would more often be added to the overall app development cost and your app might fail to take the best advantages of the chosen language if they do not have a sound knowledge of the language you choose.
With the aforementioned factors and information of the top programming languages of the future, we hope that you will find it easier to make the right decision and build a successful approach to entering the mobile development market. But, in case you encounter any challenges or still wondering what is the most popular programming language, feel free to consult a reputed mobile app development company. Working with a top-notch mobile application development company will speed up the app development process and offer you the best mobile app development services.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q. What is the best programming language in 2022?
Q. What is the hardest programming language?
A. Languages like COW, Whitespace, Chef, Intercal, etc are reckoned as the most difficult and strangest programming languages ever to exist.
Q. What is the easiest programming language?
Q. Should I learn Java or Python?
A. If you are a layman or a fresher, then Java is perfect to be your first programming language. It is so, because, unlike Python, Java is said to be more explicit and strict, which is a good thing for you as a beginner.
Q. Is C++ faster than Python?
A. C++ is much more fast and more efficient than Python at runtime. However, Python is far more efficacious during the development process.
Q. Is Python more powerful than C++?
A. Yes. Python is a powerful programming language and the most used programming language as it provides the syntactical sugar that makes the code simple and readable.
Q. Is Java better than Python?
A. Java and Python are both strong competitors and most used programming languages, so deciding which one is better is utterly situational and based on certain parameters like the purpose it is intended to be used for. Nevertheless, Java is more easy-to-use whereas Python is famous for its fast speed.