Vue.js vs Angular: Which JavaScript Framework to Choose?
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Vue.js vs Angular: Which JavaScript Framework to Choose?

Shrikant Srivastava
By Shrikant Srivastava| Monday, March 18, 2019 16:19 PM |7 min read
Vue.js vs Angular - Which JavaScript Framework to Choose

JavaScript frameworks are changing the scenario of the front-end development world. They are proving to have the potential to build cross-platform mobile apps with ease and better future considerations. However, not all the JS frameworks are enjoying the same limelight in the marketplace.

While many new frameworks like Vue and Ember have entered the market and are gaining momentum with their exceptional options, frameworks like jQuery and Aurelia are losing their charm in the JavaScript world. They are struggling with getting the attention of the mobile app developers – a mandate for remaining in the development world.

In such a scenario where JavaScript frameworks are losing the market at a considerably higher pace than they enter into the market, keeping yourself abreast with what are the best JavaScript frameworks in 2019 can act as a helping hand in curating a profitable future in the marketplace. And when talking about the JavaScript frameworks to consider in 2019, looking at the two popular frameworks, Angular and Vue,  and seeing how to choose the right option among them can be worthwhile.

Taking the same thought forward, we will have a brief look of both the JavaScript frameworks and look into Vue.js vs Angular comparison in this article.

So, here we begin with the first section, i.e, the brief introduction of Angular and Vue.

A Basic Overview of Angular and Vue.js

Overview of Angular and Vue.js

Backed by Google, Angular is an open-source framework considered for building dynamic websites and applications. The framework falls under the category of MEAN stack and is supportable with a wide range of code editors.

Whereas, the answer to what is Vue is that it is an open-source framework created by Evan You for tackling the challenges associated with Angular and React JS frameworks. The framework is highly recognised in the market for developing a simple page web application.

Both these JavaScript application frameworks are loved by various reputed brands for reaping higher profits of the mobile market, including:-

Reputed brands for reaping higher profits of the mobile market

While there can be various reasons behind why these brands have adopted Angular and Vue.js, a few of them are stated below:-

Benefits of Considering Angular Development Framework

Angular proves to be the right JS framework to rely upon for your app needs with pros such as:-

  • Server-Side Rendering

Angular JS framework offers better Server-Side Rendering (SSR) features that improve the page speed on the client side. This makes the JS framework more SEO-friendly.

  • Separation of Concerns

Angular follows the MVC model, which makes it good for separation of concerns and cleaner faster development.

  • Deep Linking Module

The framework provides developers with an extensive linking module for single page app development that assists in understanding of how Ajax works and introducing its advantages into your app project.

  • Tools and Filters

Last but not least, the Angular framework makes it possible to easily blend various tools and filters into the development environment. This delivers a high-speed front-end experience.

  • Testing and Maintenance

The Angular IO framework comes with advanced refactoring and debugging options that aid developers in the testing and maintenance process. Besides, it renders the opportunity to test the complete project with a single testing tool like Jasmine, Karma and Protractor. This cut down the hassle of developers and ensure highly-effective results.

  • Update Scope with CLI

As we have already seen in our article React vs Angular covered a few months ago, Angular CLI is easy to install and use. It also serves mobility experts with simpler commands and effective testing tools and is supported by several engineers and platforms that make it possible to update all the app components – including those having dependency on third-party libraries and APIs.

While these features favor choosing Angular for front-end development, it’s good to have a glance at the benefits of Vue.js to determine what to consider in Vue.js vs Angular to do justice to your app needs.

Advantages of Going with Vue.js

Vue.js is emerging out as one of the popular JS frameworks to rely upon for your application development needs, with benefits like:-

  • Memory Consumption

An app developed using Vue.js framework can be as light as 18Kb after zipping. This makes it the first choice to target the user base demanding for low memory consumption with impressive features availability.

  • Ease of Learning

Vue.js comes under the category of most popular JavaScript frameworks in 2019. Its CLI is too basic when compared to other frameworks including Angular. Besides, it has an extensive and updated documentation. All these reasons make it the first choice of all those who are or wish to enter the development arena.

  • Readability

Being written in JavaScript and having the property of clean codes, this framework makes it easier for anyone to read and understand the code to take the development process further.

  • Download Speed

Since the app size is minimal, the Vue.js – based application is faster to download and employ.

  • Integration Scope

As specified earlier in our Vue.js vs Reactjs article that was covered last year, Vue.js facilitates a simpler and easier integration process. This makes it developers’ favorite to build both single page application from scratch and integrate high-end components into an existing one.

  • Server-Side Rendering

Just like Angular frontend development framework, Vue.js also offer the option of Server-side rendering. This improves the speed of the working of pages on the client end, which eventually result in better user experience.

Now as we have grasped the basics of both, let’s jump directly into the JavaScript frameworks comparison part so that you could select the optimal framework for your business needs.

Vue.js vs Angular: Factors to Determine the Right Development Option

Factors to consider in Vue.js vs Angular

1. Popularity

As per the 2018 State of JavaScript survey, the percentage of people who have never heard of Vue has reduced from 5% to 1% in just a year. This signifies that the popularity of Vue is growing.

But as disclosed by GitHub, while Vue is getting higher stars and forks, it is lagging behind in terms of the number of commits and contributors. This makes it tough to say which framework is better in terms of popularity – Vue.js vs Angular.

2. Learning Curve

To develop an application with Angular frontend development framework, you need to get expertise at concepts like TypeScript and MVC. But, this is not in the case of Vue.

Vue.js framework offers inbuilt app templates and higher customization which makes it easier than Angular and React. Besides, Vue.js – being designed by blending Angular and React – makes it easier to bring Angular or React-based mobility solution on Vue platform.

3. Architecture

Another factor that influences the decision in JS framework comparison is architecture. While Angular implements MVC (Model-View-Controller) and MVVM (Model-View-ViewModel) for creating dynamic websites and web applications, Vue primarily focuses only on the ViewModel and shows limited data. This makes Vue.js become inferior to Angular in the development world.

4. Complexity

Since Vue.js has been developed much later than various other JS frameworks including React and Angular JS (the earlier version of Angular), it is much simpler than Angular in terms of design and API.

In other words, Angular comes with a much higher complexity than Vue.js in the development arena.

5. Scalability

When you look at  scalability as the deciding factor in Angular vs Vue, the former leads the competition. This is because Angular has a proper modular development structure while Vue.js employs template-based syntax, which reduces the reusability of code in large-size apps.

6. TypeScript Support

Angular is highly integrated with TypeScript – the upgraded version of JavaScript. It is not possible to code in Angular ecosystem without Typescript. Whereas, when talking about Vue.js, JavaScript is considered for writing codes. But, it also provides Vue.js developers with official typings and official decorator to easily collaborate TypeScript features into Vue development environment.

7. App Size and Loading Time

Though the recent Angular versions have traits like AOT compilation and tree-shaking which reduces the app size to a considerable rate, an Angular-based app is still not as lighter as the one developed using Vue framework. And since loading time depends heavily on app size, Vue.js mobile app ensures faster loading.

Thus, Vue leads the comparison between the two most popular JS frameworks.

8. Flexibility

The next factor that holds the key to choosing the best JS frameworks between Vue.js and Angular is flexibility.

Vue.js, when compared to Angular, is less opinionated and provides developers with an official support for a wide range of build systems with no constraint upon the app structure. This indicates that Vue.js is a better option over Angular in terms of freedom and flexibility.

9. App Performance

In web and mobile app development, the performance level is directly associated with DOM (Document Object Model). While Angular uses real DOM in which the complete web/app page is rendered even on changing a single component, Vue.js works with Virtual DOM in which changes are reflected on the real DOM only on those components that are modified. This approach accelerates the app performance, making Vue.js a winner over Angular in the JavaScript application framework market.

10. Data Binding

Just like React, Vue.js also relies upon the concept of one-way data binding in which the UI elements cannot be altered before changing the model state. Whereas, Angular employs two-way binding approach in which model state changes when UI element is changed and vice-versa.

While two-way binding seems an easier method, it lags behind Vue.js’s one-way data binding approach in terms of making faster data flow and creating non-trivial apps in less time.

11. Ease of Deployment

Even when the transition from development to deployment is quite easier in Angular app development, it is still required to focus on writing a “good” Angular application. Otherwise, it would be difficult to reap the perks of lazy loading, Ahead-of-Time compilation (AoT), module system and other related features.

Whereas, in the case of Vue.js, you can either import anything into your app environment or build a complex local setup (created using Vue CLI) which regulates the code optimizations. You can employ lazy loading of components and even pre-compile the templates already available on Vue.js. This makes the compilation process in Vue.js framework much easier than that experienced in Angular.

12. Testing

When taking testing as the prime factor, Angular is a better choice over Vue.js. It has a great testing mechanism and offers multiple tools like Jasmine and Karma that test the complete development code individually. Whereas, Vue.js lacks the right testing guidelines making it tough for developers to deliver a bug-free application.

13. Mobility Solutions

Angular is a web-based app framework considered for creating real-time apps like instant messaging or chat applications. Whereas, Vue.js is suitable for designing lightweight single page applications with an easy interface.

14. Community Support

Vue.js, unlike Angular which is backed by Google, is driven wholly by an open-source community. Because of this, it lags behind Angular and other JS frameworks in terms of the number of commits and contributors despite having a higher number of watchers, stars and forks on GitHub. Besides, the migration helper tool of Vue.js is not effective for large-scale application due to the absence of a roadmap that concentrates upon versioning and their plans. All these factors indicate that Angular is a winner over Vue.js in terms of community support.

Though the aforementioned factors will help in deciding the right option and leverage maximum advantages, it’s good to look into which JS framework is best for which situation – Angular vs Vue.js.

When to Consider Angular for Your App Project

  • You are developing a large, dynamic and complex app project.
  • You want a real-time application like Instant messaging and Chat app.
  • You require easy and reliable scalability.
  • You have time to learn TypeScript before the project begins.
  • You are fond of  Object-oriented programming.

When to Pick Vue.js for App Development

  • You are developing a lightweight and single-page app.
  • You need high speed and performance.
  • Your app project scope is on the small side.
  • You want an earlier entry to the market.
  • You are fond of clear code.

With this, we have now reached the end of this article. We have looked into the factors that can help in deciding the right JavaScript framework among Vue.js vs Angular for your application development needs and the situations you can relate to. But, if you still can’t decide what to choose for your app needs and how to proceed further,  consult with our app development experts.

Our team, with their years of experience in app development for different business verticals and needs, will guide you in considering the right factors and thus, launching a profitable mobility solution in the market.

Vue.js vs Angular: Which JavaScript Framework to Choose?

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Shrikant Srivastava
About The Author

Srikant Srivastav, in his role as VP Technology at Appinventiv, has been simplifying the technical complexities that comes in a package when developing never seen before mobile apps. A problem solver by the day and analytical reader by night, he prouds himself by being on top of everything new and to come. You can connect with him on Twitter or LinkedIn, to have a one-one-one on the technical aspect of elements that makes your device better.

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