With the advent and popularization of mobile apps, the focus has now started shifting on not just developing an amazing app but also on understanding the underlying factors that differentiates an amazing app from a common one.
Every mention of an app that gives an effortless experience is incomplete without the mention of its efficient backend process. In that context, read this article as a guide to what makes Backend development so important, what are the software stacks that make its architecture, and the tools that helps develop a strong backend process.
For those who are here just for the tools, we will come to the tools part, but only after a few scrolls.
Let’s start with what Backend is and how is it different from Frontend development –
If you ask a developer how frontend and backend development is different, the reply that you will get is frontend uses codes to make an app look pretty and the backend writes codes to make it work.
I would have given the same reply
But there are a number of underlying things that both the development processes are based on –
A Front-end developer is accountable for translating app’s designs to a code which is required to display it properly on the browser.
The job grew more meticulous with the introduction of responsive web design.
The person not only needs to ensure that the look is supporting all the current browsers’ and mobile platforms, but should also note how the design is looking in other computer resolutions and browser widths.
While this was about the frontend developer, this is what the backend developers does –
A back-end developer is accountable for connecting the content one sees on the site to the CMS and develop the logic needed to make everything work as supposed to.
On the design front, they are responsible for converting the designs and the front-end development process in the CMS setup, giving the clients an intuitive method to handle their app content.
If they make it very simple, chances are that the clients will not have control. And if they make it complex, the possibility that clients’ get lost in the design becomes high.
Here is a visual to show the difference between a Frontend and Backend Developer.
Now that you know the difference in Frontend and Backend development, let us now move on to how Backend architecture actually works.
Gear up, we are now going to delve into the technicalities of Backend development and prepare you for your next backend developer job and for talking to your development team before you start working on that next big app project of yours.
In layman terms, Backend development is preparing your mobile application to work as it was intended to.
Now to make it possible, there are some concepts which form the server or Backend’s side ‘Software Stack’.
Before I get into that, I will take another minute of yours to tell you that the look of backend varies from application to application. The points of differentiation can be counted down to use of data warehouse, cloud based servers, containerization, BaaS providers or usage of APIs to replace complex processing.
With that out in the open, let me take you back to the mechanics of the Backend.
Instead of taking you down the rabbit hole, let me simplify and break the backend’s software stack in its four components – database, server, software, and operating system.
Here are the details on the components –
Now, these servers use virtualization to get the provision to house various apps. Another term used in relation to servers is Containerization, which is the way server provision the operating system out to contain compartmentalized applications.
Along with getting the information to a user, database is also responsible to accept new and edit the old data, as and when the user wishes.
Microservice Platform Tools
Local Development Environment
Collaboration Service Tools
App Performance Test Tool
It’s time for a quick recap:
We started with how Frontend is different from Backend and continued to the Backend development process. Next, we saw the components that lay the basis of Backend development and finally moved on the tools that makes it all possible.
Now, bringing an end to the guide, let’s touch base on APIs – the technology without which it is impossible to do Backend development.
APIs – The crucial part of Backend Programming
It is impossible to talk about Backend development, without a mention of APIs. It is through API that it connects applications, software, database, and services seamlessly. API has an indispensable role in the building of server side software architectures, allowing the software to interact and for the data to be transferred.
With this, we bring the guide to an end. Hope it imparted value to you.