In 2016, Uber lost 57 Million users and drivers information to hackers, whom they then paid $1,00,000 to delete the data.
The incident came into the picture a few days back when their CEO Dara Khosrowshahi made a post throwing a light on the data breach. And since then, the case of app security has come into the focus.
Uber’s not the first case of data breach, there are a number of times when the users’ personal data has been compromised: an event that has made people wary of using mobile apps that ask for their information.
Here’s a visual to show the stance of mobile app users in light of App Security Concerns –
See how gruesome it is?
But, you can prevent your app from becoming the next case study cautioning brands to get their app security game on point.
Here’s how –
1. Protect your App from the Scratch
A number of vulnerabilities exist in the app’s source code, but the majority of the app companies focus just on the network part while focusing on implementing mobile app security best practices. There are so many places that can be the groundwork of data breaches – coding error, code testing, etc.
Here are the things that you can do to safeguard your app from the day of its existence –
- Protect the code of your app with encryption. There are two ways to do it – minification and obfuscation, but they are not enough. It is advised that you stick with well supported algos that are combined with the API encryption.
- Run source code scanning on your codes, frequently
The sign of a secure code is that it remains secures even after being ported between operating systems and devices. Creating an agile code helps on this front, immensely.
2. Secure the Network connection from the Backend
The cloud servers that are being accessed by your app’s API needs to have proper security measures to prevent unauthorized access and protect users’ data. The API verification should be so in place that zero sensitive information passes from the client to app database or server.
To make this step a success, it’s imperative that your backend development process is robust.
Here’s how to secure the network connection
- Create encrypted containers for storing documents and data
- Conduct a series of vulnerability assessments and penetration testing of your network to make sure that the data is protected.
- Encrypt database and connections with SSL, VPN, and TLS for added security
- Apply Federation – the measure, which spread resources across servers so that they are all not in one place, while separating the key resources from the users.
3. Have Authentication, Identification, and Authorization Process in Place
Here’s how to make your app identified, authenticated, and authorized
- Ensure that the APIs which your app uses are just the ones that are needed to function and only give access to the parts that are in focus, instead of all the app functionalities.
- There are a number of tools and protocols that you can make use of and be sure to follow when your app is in its development stage. Here they are –
- JSON Web Token – The lightweight tool is used for encrypting data exchange, its no fuss implementation makes it ideal for mobile apps.
- OpenID Connect – It’s a protocol that allows the users to reuse their credentials across different domains with the help of an ID token, to save their time in registering and signing up with the same information every time.
- OAuth2 – The protocol is used to manage secure connection through one time user specific token. Upon installing the framework in the authorization server it will let you grant your users permission between the end users and client by collecting credentials such as 2 factor SMS questions.
4. Do a comprehensive set of tests
Unlike a web app, majority of mobile app data is saved locally, and with the data being on a device whose bandwidth, performance, and quality varies, the risk of it getting hacked is much greater.
Along with the instability factor in devices, there are also some apps that tend to release data without users knowing it, like their gender, age, device usage, etc.
Ways you can ensure the customer data is secure on the app –
- With the help of file level encryption, you can protect the data on file-by-file basis. It’s one of the ways to encrypt the at-rest data so that it’s not read when intercepted.
- Tools like Appcelator platform ensures that mobile data which are stored locally are safe.
Key management should be your priority. The basis of a strong algorithm is its equally stronger certificate and keys.
5. Planned API Security Strategy
As mobile development is tightly knit with APIs, a major part of making an app secure is dependent on making its API secure. APIs transmit data between the applications, cloud, and among a number of users. All the involved parties need to be identified and authorized in order to see and use the data. APIs are the foundation stone of functionality, content, and data, so ensuring that it is secured can take you long way.
There are three stages in API that you will need to take care of, namely – Identification, Authentication, and Authorization.
Let’s look at the elements of all the three below –
The first part of process, identification hacks can be prevented through implementing API keys. These keys are random, unique identifiers which eliminate the need of passwords.
While you can safeguard when the data is seen using the API keys, you cannot decide that it is seen by someone who was supposed to see it.
It is the process that guarantees that the information is seen by someone who was meant to view it. At this stage, you set usernames and passwords to ensure that the system gets an extra level of security.
This step answers the question – What can one do with the API. The steps to secure this process includes 2 factor authorization, tokens, and one time passwords.
6. Test the App
Irrespective of whether your app is hybrid, native, or web app, it should be tested for not just from the usability and functionality aspect but also from Security. There are a number of steps you have to follow to ensure that your app is quality assured to ensure it’s secure.
Here are the ways you can ensure your app is tested for security –
- Penetration Testing – It means probing the network and system for finding weaknesses.
- Use emulators to test how the app performs in a simulated environment.
- Test the authorization and authentication, session management, and data security issues in detail.
So these were the 6 ways that you could employ in your app development process to ensure that yours is not the one in limelight.
Ensure that you incorporate well in time, while you have time.