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Digital transformation has turned nearly all businesses into software enterprises, empowering them to deliver cutting-edge solutions to meet evolving market needs. However, software development is a complex process involving multiple DevOps teams to work in different silos on a big project. These teams can be spread worldwide, making it challenging to track who is doing what and when, what is delaying the process, where the blockers are, and other key metrics.
Measuring the progress of DevOps teams is essential to understand how they are performing and how efficiently they can deliver applications. After all, without evaluating the performance, you can’t figure out where to pay attention and what to iterate to provide effective customer service.
It is where DORA metrics for DevOps come into play, providing a comprehensive framework for measuring DevOps success in enterprises. By leveraging these metrics, organizations can gain insights into their strengths and weaknesses, modernize their operations, and continuously improve their DevOps practices.
Scroll down to find out what DORA (DevOps Research and Assessment) metrics are and how they help companies achieve their DevOps philosophy of speed and stability.
Leveraging the data from over 32,000 professionals and the insight of 7 years of research, the DevOps research division of Google Cloud Platform, DORA team has published a report that describes the five DORA metrics for DevOps. These metrics help identify the most efficient ways to deliver software and measure the effectiveness of CI/CD pipelines. With the help of DORA metrics for DevOps success measurement, organizations can identify Elite, High, Medium, and Low performing teams and accordingly modify operations to increase productivity and service deliverables. Let’s dive into each metric to discover what they can reveal about the DevOps team and why they are useful in value stream management.
Deployment frequency (DF) defines how often code changes are deployed to production, depending on legal restrictions or the necessity for updates. The frequency of code deployment can range from multiple times a day to once per year. For example, mobile apps requiring users to update the latest version typically release 4-6 updates per year, while a SaaS solution can deploy changes multiple times a day.
|Question It Addresses||Elite DevOps Team||High DevOps Team||Medium DevOps Team||Low DevOps Team|
|How often does your business require changes?||On-demand (multiple times a day)||From once per day to once per week||From once per week to once per month||From once per month to sometimes a year.|
Lead time for change (LTFC) measures the velocity of software delivery, identifying the time needed to release an update after the code is deployed to production. The lower the LTC time for changes, the more efficiently your DevOps professionals can deploy the code to the production. LTC not only measures the time required to implement changes but also identifies how responsive the DevOps team is to meet the ever-evolving demands of users.
|Question It Addresses||Elite DevOps Team||High DevOps Team||Medium DevOps Team||Low DevOps Team|
|How much time is required to go from code commitment to code deployment in production?||Less than one day||From one day to one week||From one week to one month||From one month to six months|
Mean time to recovery (MTTR) is one of the most efficient DORA software metrics that identify the average amount of time between a bug report and the moment the bug is fixed. This metric enables organizations to evaluate software stability and team agility in the face of a challenge. In today’s fast-paced world, this DORA metric for DevOps is essential for businesses as they can’t afford grave errors in production for a longer period.
|Question It addresses||Elite DevOps Team||High DevOps Team||Medium DevOps Team||Low DevOps Team|
|How long does it take to restore service or fix issues when a disruption like an outage occurs?||Less than an hour||From a few hours to a day||From one day to one week||From one week to one month|
Change failure rate (CFR) is a valuable metric that captures the percentage of deployments to production that result in severe errors, rollbacks, or any type of production failure that requires immediate attention. When tracked over time, this DORA metric offers great insight into how much time is spent on resolving errors and delivering new code, which helps in efficient resource allocation.
|Question it Addresses||Elite DevOps||High DevOps||Medium DevOps||Low DevOps|
|What percentage of deployment causes a failure in production?||0-15%||16-30%||30-45%||46-60%|
In 2021, the DORA team added a new metric – ‘Reliability’ to the list that helps DevOps team meet the reliability targets for the software they operate. In broader terms, this metric measures how well you can meet your user’s expectations, such as availability, latency, scalability and performance.
Reliability desn’t have a defined low, medium, high, or elite clustering. The way DevOps team can use this metric varies significantly depending on the service-level indicators or service-level objectives (SLI/SLO).
Use these DORA metrics for DevOps to analyze the effectiveness of your software development, delivery pipelines and the performance of your DevOps team spread worldwide.
DORA metrics for DevOps offer an array of advantages to organizations, aligning their development goals with business goals. For product managers, these metrics help get a look into how and when the DevOps team can meet customer needs. For engineers and leaders, DORA metrics implementation streamlines software development and delivery processes, making it more visible and tangible.
Let’s dive deeper to understand the most considerable DORA metrics benefits.
Value stream management is an integral part of software development. And DORA software metrics help companies leverage the principles of value stream management to bridge the gap between development efforts and business goals. Thus, once enterprises use DORA metrics for DevOps, they experience increased business value over time.
Companies that use the five essential DORA metrics for DevOps experience enhanced speed and efficiency in their software delivery processes. These metrics empower DevOps teams to track their performance, monitor their achievements, identify their current position and determine the essential measures for reaching higher levels.
Measuring DevOps performance with DORA metrics enables leaders to highlight the main aspects, suggest improvements, improve efficiency, and make informed decisions. Furthermore, it helps identify the bottlenecks that degrade the team’s performance and focus on improvements to bring positive changes to the process. Companies that streamline their software development and delivery process tend to be more successful in the long run.
While DORA metrics in enterprise DevOps are an excellent approach to measure and improve performance, the practice itself has a set of challenges. Here are some significant challenges and considerations of DORA devops metrics to consider:
Data is dispersed in different sources across the IT landscape, making it intimidating to approach the DORA metrics. To clearly visualize data, the DORA metrics should be pulled into one place.
Another challenge in DORA metrics implementation is collecting and tagging data in such a way that your team can easily access it. However, DORA exclusively accommodates only raw format data.
Data transformation entails combining and transferring data into measurable units. Improper data collection is a major consideration in the successful DORA metrics implementation. The DevOps team should collect and track data efficiently to ensure that DORA metrics deliver accurate results.
The outcome generated by each metric should be contextualized. Consider the significance behind each metric and evaluate ways to enhance their performance. For instance, a CFR may show inadequate quality control, while a DF suggests nothing about the product quality. It is so because CFR is a quality metric, and DF is a velocity metric. Hence, evaluating all aspects — quality, and velocity- is imperative when making a decision.
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In the complex realm of software development and operations, experiencing challenges is a common practice, and measuring DevOps performance using DORA metrics is no exception. The good news is that there is a solution for every challenge that emerges. Overcoming the challenges of DORA metrics for DevOps highly depends on the software development process and the business context.
You may like reading: How Cloud and DevOps work together to accelerate digital transformation
Here is a chart demonstrating the techniques you can take to unleash the full potential of DORA metrics to foster a culture of continual improvement, and propel your DevOps principles to unprecedented heights
|DORA DevOps Metrics||Best Practice 1||Best Practice 2|
|To improve deployment frequency||Reduce the batch size of changes||Implement automated continuous delivery pipeline|
|To improve lead time for changes||Remove silos and embrace cross-functional teams||Break projects into smaller and more autonomous domains|
|To improve mean time to recovery||Involve developers in production changes||Improve automated testing and QA strategy|
|To improve change failure rate||Improve automated test coverage||Feature flagging|
DORA is the best way to measure the performance of your DevOps teams. Therefore, companies must link their software development process with DORA metrics to understand their pain points and areas of excellence. However, to ensure swift, reliable, and resilient product delivery, you must align DORA metrics with your business goals and customers’ ever-changing needs.
Furthermore, you can leverage our DevOps services and solutions to harness the full potential of DORA metrics for DevOps. We offer a comprehensive range of DevOps services, from consumer-facing systems to enterprise-level applications, while continuously measuring and improving the processes using DORA metrics.
With a team of 80+ DevOps professionals, we have successfully executed 250+ DevOps implementations for businesses across industries.
Partner with us to effectively navigate the complexities of your software development process and unlock the full potential of DORA metrics for DevOps success measurement.
Q. What are DORA metrics?
A. DORA metrics are one of the most popular practices used by organizations to measure the performance of their DevOps teams and find out whether they are “low performers,” “medium performers,” “high performers,” or “elite performers”. The five most considerable DORA metrics are deployment frequency (DF), lead time for changes (LT), mean time to recovery (MTTR), change failure rate (CFR), and Reliability.
Q. How to measure DORA metrics?
A. To measure DORA metrics for DevOps, organizations need to follow the below-listed steps: